CPMV Questions to the Candidates and their Respones (Responses as of 9/15/2010)
General Election: November 2, 2010

  Republican Candidates for County Commissioner Democrat Candidates for County Commissioner      

Billy Shreve

Blaine Young

Paul Smith

David Gray

Kirby Delauter

Ellis Burris

Janice Wiles

Kai Hagen

Linda Norris

Michael Kurtianyk
1. Do you support the current Comprehensive Plan? Please explain. Waiting for response... My position on the Comprehensive Plan has been the same since the first meeting I attended as an appointed County Commissioner. My only complaint with the new plan is the downzoning of over 600 properties, many against the wishes of the property owner. Each and every one of the goals and objectives set forth in the text of the plan could have been achieved without these downzonings. At the beginning of the plan process, approximately 85% of the County was designated for either Agricultural or Resource Conservation, and I think that is about right. The downzonings were unnecessary and caused real harm to real people. Other than that, I think the plan is fine. I support much of the County’s Comprehensive Plan. But I have issues with parts of it. The Comp Plan is a 387-page document, that is well organized with many maps and diagrams, and with dozens of principles, goals and action items. Many of the principles and goals conflict. Nevertheless, it is a helpful document. The document calls for residential growth of approximately 100,000 people in 20 years. This is a lot of residential growth.
The plan calls for the 13 municipalities to handle most of the growth by doubling their density. This is certainly a smart growth strategy because it will preserve most of the farms, woodlands and open area. But the details of the Comp Plan make it virtually impossible to achieve this objective. Many of the municipalities, including Middletown, certainly have no desire to double their density. This will never happen. Frederick City is the city best suited to increase its density. Most of the other cities will never double their density. While the Plan calls for the cities to handle the projected growth, the Plan cuts back the future growth boundaries of almost every city. This unilateral decision by the BOCC is an insult to the municipalities and an assault on municipal powers. It is right and proper for each municipality to expand some. Several of the cities would like to use some expansion to help fund by-passes around the cities. The BOCC took proposed city by-pass roads off of the Comp Plan this time. This was a mistake. In the Comp Plan, the BOCC down-zoned to “Agriculture” about 600 properties that surround municipalities. This action unnecessarily deprived these owners of significant property values. Most of the down-zoning was unnecessary. The County contends that this action will promote city annexations. This is false. The new “Ag” designation means that these properties cannot be served with water and sewer without changing the zoning in the Comp Plan. This amounts to an excessive effort to prevent any expansion of municipal boundaries. I say that the municipalities should control this. With the BOCC’s Comp Plan and their recent action to supersede municipal APFOs with the County APFO, the County is undermining municipal governments. There is not corresponding benefit to the County from this. One of the principal reasons advanced for this action is the allegation that lax city APFO’s are causing overcrowding in schools. However school enrollment has been down for at least two of the last three years. The BOCC takes special offense at Frederick City’s APFO, but historically, the County BOE has adjusted school boundaries to first make Frederick High School overcrowded (a 4A school) for several years, and then used this overcrowding to help get state funds to build Urbana High School and later Tuscarora High School. As a resident of Frederick City, I don’t object to cooperating with the rest of the County to allow overcrowding at Frederick High School to help make the case to get State funds for school construction. But I do object to the BOCC’s attempting to blame the County’s funding problems on Frederick City, when these major school construction projects are in the County—for students that are not in the city. Finally, the Comp Plan is inadequate in addressing the job growth the County needs. Job growth is the key to solving the County’s budget problems. The County has lost over 3,000 during the last two years, with more announced job losses coming. Lost jobs is was drives foreclosures and the loss of substantial tax revenues. Only when we bring more jobs here will the County regain the needed revenues. More jobs will bring people to fill the vacant homes. This in turn will raise property values. This in turn will help preserve revenues from property appraisals. The current Board is so opposed to growth that their policies and actions are blocking some of the job growth that is sorely needed. The Comp Plan boasts of allocating 3,000 acres for jobs, but much of this is in areas where the employers have no interest in going. The one area that is ripe for the needed job growth is the area north of Frederick City, near Ft. Detrick. If the County is serious about job growth it will embrace Frederick City’s northern annexations and work to bring the premier jobs to the County in this area. If Frederick County continues to fight against bringing the best jobs here, then we will lose out to the surrounding jurisdictions—Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington County and Montgomery County. When the jobs and growth occurs there, we will still get the substantial adverse effects of that growth in Frederick—clogging our roads. The smartest approach is for Frederick County to work to bring job growth here, and to use this type of development to help fund some of the major road improvements that we need. The Comp Plan does not do this, rather it opposes this approach.
Yes. I believe it a remarkable and forward looking plan. It defines both preservation and growth areas. Adherence to it,for the first time, gives us a clear roadmap to a future that will prevent sprawl and and save our agricultural areas. These agricultural lands are some of the most productive in the eastern US. Waiting for response... Yes. The current Comp Plan provides for significant (34,000 residential) growth in the next twenty years or a nearly 41% increase in population. That's enough! The Comp. Plan also focuses the growth to existing infrastructure so that new roads, sewer, water, and schools do not have to be built or kept to a minimum. It's smart growth vs. sprawl. I prefer the smart growth. My answer is mostly and resoundingly yes.  The recently signed Frederick County Comprehensive Plan is an excellent plan on growth, agricultural preservation and protection of our natural resource base.  I provide a short summary on my support for the plan, and have elaborated on the one part of the plan that I do not agree with.
Support:  The plan is well designed to strike the tax balance between residential growth, commercial, farmland and open space.  In doing so it promotes business;  the plan designates much of the land between Rt 355 and I-270 south of Urbana -where water and sewer service is planned  - for business development.  It supports our farm economy by adding priority agricultural preservation areas.  The plan accommodates 20-year growth projections and does so by focusing development in areas where growth will use existing infrastructure - thus saving taxpayers the expense of sprawl growth.   Our tax money can be used instead to make improvements and upgrades to existing dilapidated schools, failing roads, and fire and emergency services.
There has been some question and public concern over the county zoning map that was ratified along with the comprehensive plan. There are approximately 110,000 parcels of land in Frederick County. One-half percent--about 600-- were down-zoned; many of those down zonings were done to comply with FEMA floodplain regulations and should have been done before now.  Others were down zoned because they were in inappropriate places, had not been developed within the past five years (or longer) and would keep more appropriately zoned and shovel-ready projects from being built.   There are a few lingering questions over the final zoning map but in general the decisions were meant to favor the public interest and are in line with the comprehensive plan philosophy and intent.
Do not support:  There is one part of the plan that I do not agree with.  It is “Development of a regional Waste to Energy Facility, which provides for the recovery of energy from post recycling municipal solid waste” (bullet 5, chpt 7 pg 25). I am firmly against the construction of the large waste incinerator (WTE) planned for Frederick County for fiscal, environmental and social reasons. Much of our waste problem is due to our consumption patterns. I believe over time we can change our behavior in Frederick County.  Our landfills currently bury the evidence of our consumptive patterns; an incinerator would burn them.  If we were to build an incinerator we would have no need to decrease trash production and change behavior.  If we depend upon a landfill we will be forced to moderate our behavior.

The proposed waste to energy incinerator will produce a financial obligation for the citizens of the county and if our experience is like that of other cities with incinerators, could adversely affect the county’s AAA bond rating.  Instead of spending $600 million on debt to finance an incinerator, we should invest a much smaller sum and some conviction into expanding recycling, organic waste composting, community reduction and reuse.
The financial burden to build and operate the incinerator is compounded by the need to depend upon other counties’ trash to “feed” the Waste to Energy facility, which requires 1500 tons of trash/day to burn efficiently and create energy.  In just one year of single stream recycling with large bins we have increased our recycled tonnage 66% (DUSWM), and I don’t believe we have done nearly enough to expand and promote that program.  If we were to implement source separated food scrap composting we could reduce the material going to the landfill (currently about 550 t/d) by up to 25%.   As we remove material from our burnable stock we can only assume that other counties are doing the same.  Importing trash over time may become a challenge.
Incinerators emit highly toxic substances such as: dioxins, furans, lead, mercury, acid and greenhouse gases and particulate matter into the air.  The McKinney location for the WTE is next to the Monocacy River and within a few miles of neighborhoods, commercial areas and schools – making exposure to these emissions a concern.  Studies show that there are higher rates of cancer and birth defects around municipal waste incinerators.  Particulate matter is associated with lung and cardiovascular disease.  The ultra-fine   “nanoparticles” escape filters, can travel long distances, and when inhaled can penetrate lungs, bloodstream, tissues and organs.

The waste-to-energy incinerator is expected to produce up to 45 megawatts of electricity starting in 2015.  A recent letter from an employee with our Division of Utilities and Solid Waste Management cited that “Frederick  County's share of the energy produced will be 27 megawatts, which results in a maximum annual generation of 217,598,400 kilowatt-hours. Making adjustments for the county's expected waste stream, the incinerator will yield between 124,000,000 and 136,000,000 kilowatt-hours in a year, exceeding the county's expected annual needs of 59,156,339 kilowatt-hours”.   I have some concerns with this DUSWM information: 

— What level of recycling is embedded in this calculation?   (In other words, does this assume 66 percent single stream, or none or what?)

— Is there a net energy production number that considers the energy necessary to produce, from raw material, all the resources burned in the incinerator – that could have been recycled? 

— What is the change in electricity production with the removal of plastics from the incineration stream?  It is my understanding that plastics are a critical component for BTUs and the heat necessary to produce electricity.

It would be hard to imagine how I could be much more familiar with or more supportive of the updated and re-written 2010 Frederick County Comprehensive Plan!

During the term of the previous board, I was appointed to serve on the Citizens Zoning and Review Committee, which spent a year and a half reviewing and discussing and debating - and making recommendation about - the entire comprehensive plan...line by line.

As an interested citizen, and as the Director of the Frederick Regional Action Network, I sat in on a great many of the meetings of both the Planning Commission and the Board of County Commissioners during the previous board, and especially so during the process of updating the New Market Region Plan. The egregious nature of that region plan - the poor process, the lack of adequate consideration of infrastructure to support it, the sprawling development patterns that resulted from a plan driven by individual piece-meal rezoning requests (not a plan at all) and more - had a lot to do with my eventual decision to run for the Board of County Commissioners.

During the last four years, I have been the BOCC liaison the Frederick County Planning Commission, and, of course, as a county commissioner, As such, I have participated in virtually every public conversation about the new comprehensive plan, met with community groups, landowners, developers and others, worked with staff, and with my colleagues on the board with regard to every chapter of text, every map, every parcel.

Not surprisingly, I think the new, updated Frederick County Comprehensive Plan is an immense improvement, and an excellent blueprint for the county. I'm proud of what was accomplished: accommodating growth to meet state population projections while pulling back on sprawl, addressing infrastructure much more than earlier plans, incorporating a range of important environmental concerns, preserving agricultural areas and rural communities, and much more.

Those who want to become more familiar with the plan are encouraged to go here:

I should add that when you hear other candidates talk about "the downzoning of over 600 properties" in the comprehensive plan, you are hearing an intentional and specious misrepresentation of the fact by people who do know better, but want to mislead you.

The overwhelming majority of the properties they are including were subject to very minor changes which had zero affect on the value of the land, the use of the land, or the potential use of the land. For instance, a great many were on the list (of properties with changes) because the county adjusted our maps to reflect the new and more precise FEMA floodplain maps. Another example is that the county decided removed the Resource Conservation zoning from miles of minor tributary streams in and through land zoned Agriculture (in part because of the recognition that other regulations addressed and protected these small streams).

It is also completely inaccurate to say that every one of the goals and objectives of the plan could have been achieved without some of the downzoning. Large amounts of low density sprawl, on well and septic (in some areas applied to all the remaining areas or corridors of working farms and wooded stream valleys) was not compatible with the goals and objectives of the new plan.

Yes. A very thorough amount of public feedback, research and thought went into the current Comprehensive Plan, and the amount of residential growth is forecasts is reasonable; however, I would like to have the staff drill down more in regards to the pipeline for low-density residential and its composition, including elderly housing. I am very concerned with affordable housing and this category is the one that I feel is the most important to Frederick County's residential future. Additionally, I would like to have the Office of Economic Development to take an analytical look at the area and type of commercial and industrial ground forecast for growth in the plan to be sure we can attract the types of businesses they have targeted with the amount and types of land that is available. I support much of what is in the current Comprehensive Plan. The staff worked hard to bring this to fruition. Like the current Board of County Commissioners, if there are current landowners who feel slighted by any aspect of the Comprehensive Plan, then they can come forward to the next Board and state their case. I will listen to them, just like this current Board has.      
2. Do you think that Frederick County needs to grow beyond what is
planned for in the 2010 Comprehensive Plan? Please explain.
  Please see my answer to #1 above. I don’t think the County needs to grow beyond what is called for in the Comp Plan. Actually, the policies of the current BOCC will prevent the growth called for in the Comp Plan. That is partly good. But the current BOCC and its Comp Plan is inadequate in planning for and promoting the job growth that we need now. No. It is crucial that the plan is followed. Otherwise we lay vulnerable to repeating the same mistakes of the past with Montgomery county type sprawl development.   No. see above No, we do not need to grow beyond the growth projections determined by the state.  The 20-year Comprehensive Plan for Frederick County meets the Maryland Department of Planning’s growth projections of 90,000 more people in Frederick County by 2030 and construction of more than 36000 dwelling units.  The plan directs building to be done in designated growth areas and within municipalities – to lessen the cost burden of new infrastructure.


But I should elaborate.

The Comprehensive Plan is a 20 year plan. But it will not remain as it is today for the next twenty years. Aspects of the plan will be adjusted are various intervals, and the entire plan itself will be revisited multiple times before twenty years have passed.

The plan as it is now responsibly plans for growth projected for the county during the next fifteen to twenty years. It will, however, be altered by the choices of municipalities in the county, which will be reflected in the plan. It will be altered by changes made as specific areas and corridors are revisited in a detailed manner. And so on.

As it is right now, though, it includes room for growth - in the right places, and in a responsible manner. And there's no good reason to expand on that at this time or in the near future. We should focus on making sure that the growth that is currently planned is done well, and in a way that does not impose significant negative effects on our existing communities, such as increased traffic congestion, school overcrowding, inadequate parks and higher taxes.

Regarding my #1 answers, I believe the Comp Plan is an excellent projector of growth; unless there is a need to add more availability of affordable housing by changing the mix in the plan as stated above; and if the OED is satisifed that their goals can be met with the mix of zoning available in the plan's projections, I believe the growth projected is well thought out.
The projected Plan incorporates projected population increases of 2-3% annually. The one area I would like to focus on is making sure there are ample commercially assessable tax bases in our county.      
3. Please state your position on the Dominion Transmission Inc.
purchase and planned development (gas compressor station) of 135 acres
of historic, agricultural land in Middletown Valley.
  The Middletown Valley is one of the most beautiful and historic regions of Frederick County. It would be a shame to see it despoiled by gas transmission facilities that do not actually provide services to the residents of this County. I support CPMV's position. I’m just finding out about this proposed project. From what I have learned, this project is expected to be unsightly, noisy and to cause air and perhaps ground pollution. If that is the case, I oppose it. I am opposed. Much of the Middletown Valley is in the Priority Preservation Area which is set aside for agrcultural use.   It appears that Dominion is pursuing this site because it's cheaper, not because of a vital or necessary location. An industrial facility with its intrusive noise should be in an industrial location, well away from any residential or ag. areas.

I do not agree with the Dominion Power’ plan to build a gas compressor station within the Middletown Valley and completely agree with CPMV’s position.  An industrial site near a transportation corridor would be infinitely more suitable than on a parcel of beautiful land, zoned agriculture and that is a rural historic site in Middletown Valley.  I was disheartened when Dominion Transmission Inc (DTI), bought the John Fox Tavern land as well as 135 acres of adjacent property. 

As a county commissioner I would work to educate FERC on some other locations more suitable for this gas compressor, as this location is not in keeping with our county plan and current zoning map.

Broadly speaking, I have been supportive of the efforts of Citizens for the Preservation of Middletown Valley since the beginning. More specifically, I am utterly opposed to the Dominion natural gas compressor station proposed to be located in the agricultural landscape west of Middletown.

I attended a few meetings in Middletown, testified at the very well attended FERC hearing, corresponded with many concerns citizens in the area, worked to make county residents outside of the affected area more aware of the issue, helped draft the letters of opposition sent by the Board of County Commissioners to Dominion Transmission Inc. and the Federal Energy Regulatory Agency, and more.

Those letters expressed a number of the excellent reasons why locating the facility at the proposed site would be a big mistake, and should not happen. I can't post them here, but would be happy to send copies of those letters to anyone who would like one. Email me at kai@catoctinmountain.com

The bottom line is that, even if the gas lines are necessary, it is not clearly necessary that they pass through this area, and it is certainly not necessary for the compressor station to be located in an area that is zoned agricultural - and, in this case, also part of a Rural Legacy Area (where the county and state have invested significant monies to preserve the area).

Please state your position on the Dominion Transmission Inc. purchase and planned development (gas compressor station) of 135 acres of historic, agricultural land in Middletown Valley. Our historic culture and character, from civil war battles, movements and hospitals to the history of the German farming culture, barns and outbuildings in our area, is critical to our ability to educate Frederick County, state and American citizens of the future, as well as secure our economic priority as a tourism destination. This project fits neither goal and I would oppose it. As a resident of Middletown, I am opposed to it.      
4. If elected, please list your top three priorities for the next four years.  

1. Eliminating wasteful government spending in county government.

2. Reducing the burden on our taxpayers.

3. Shifting the emphasis of county programs away from funding of specialized programs for small groups of citizens to essential services, such as education, police, roads, fire and rescue, clean water, that benefits us all.

4. Shifting the focus of the Board of Education from spending money on salaries and administration buildings for career administrators, to the classroom and the teachers for better instruction of our students.

1 Bring good jobs to the County. We must allocate the land that the market dictates to be attractive for the jobs we need. We must make our policies and laws to accomplish this. We must streamline our permitting processes to facilitate the growth that we need. The County’s business “unfriendly” nature must be replaced with an “open for business” character.

2 Continue to trim the County budget. As painful as it is, we must continue to trim the County government. We must eliminate non-essential services whose cost is prohibitive. All departments must continue to make cuts. Some programs may need to go. We cannot raise taxes, and we must balance the budget. This will require more cuts. We must reduce the benefits packages offered new employees. Retirement benefits will have to be reduced—at least for new hires. Until the economy picks up, we have no choice but to make cuts.

3 Make key road improvements. The BOCC must multi-task. The biggest road problem in the county is the traffic on I-270 and US 15 which causes stifling traffic congestion during morning and evening rush hours. It is already terrible, and it is projected to get progressively worse, with no solution in sight. The number one aspect of the congestion is the need for more traffic lanes through or around Frederick City. This will require either adding two lanes in each direction on US 15 and/or building a by-pass road around the city, east of the Monocacy River. (The “North/South Parallel Road,” proposed by Frederick City, would be a very helpful solution.) Initially what is required is to put the North/South Parallel Road on the Comp Plan so that we preserve the land. If the road is never built, then we will have preserved a green corridor. Certainly no one will complain about that. If the road is built, it would be funded primarily (80%) with federal funds. It does not have the possibility of being built unless the County will show it on its Comp Plan. It takes virtually no time or money to make such a proposal. But once the proposal in on the Comp Plan, the Washington Council of Governments’ Transportation Planning Board can begin to include it in its regional plans. Then we can open the possibility of funding this regional/national project. This is a very important endeavor, but it will require little time or expense to begin the planning to pave the way for it. Sustainable Environmental and Economic Practices. All of the Counties actions need to filtered through both environmental and economic sustainability filters. While this is not a separate priority, it is a standard that must be applied to all that we do.

1. Declining revenue. My business background is in financial planning, accounting and taxes. I successfully helped cut over $40 million from the operating budget in the last two years. I know the county's budget and staff.

2. Strengthen communication and collaboration between the BOCC, BOE, FCC and municipalities. Consult citizens with polls, surveys etc.

3. Maintain educational excellence with limited funds.


1. Maintaining vital services (fire, rescue, police, education) despite revenue shortfalls.

2. Attracting local employment

3. Re-design our solid waste plan to avoid spending hundreds of millions of dollars on a trash incinerator.

#1  Job Growth    As a county commissioner I will prioritize small business development and job growth.  Over 40% of our working population travels outside Frederick County for employment. As a community activist I’ve been outspoken on the cost of community services.  In Frederick County commercial growth adds revenue to the coffers and, on average, only costs 50 cents on the dollar for services.  Adding revenue to county coffers to pay for schools, public safety and other absolute needs is critical.  We need more business and job growth in Frederick County.  It is good for our citizens and will help balance our budget.

We need to attract or grow existing businesses that meet our needs.  Businesses in solid waste recycling, and manufacturing of recycled materials, renewable energy production, transportation, agricultureand businesses that can serve a manufacturing need or service to existing businesses.  As “green” becomes more middle of the road and economical there will be demand for new types of products – are Frederick County businesses getting the help they need to stay up on market demand for new “green” products?  We should ensure that they are.

I’ve been out talking to small business owners and listening to some of the issues they have been facing with permitting.  Permitting is a challenge, and can cost businesses too much time – which is money.  As a county commissioner, with a broad view of expanding our tax revenue through business and job growth I will get “in to the weeds”  and work with our Office of Economic Development   to help businesses set up shop and succeed here.  We have over 4 million square feet of office, flex and industrial space available in Frederick County, we should use it.

Our municipalities must be viewed as a resource that can be a cornerstone of economic growth and jobs for county citizens. Our comprehensive plan clearly steers development to growth areas and municipalities.   The BOCC needs to work with each municipality, recognize the unique characteristics of each  and help bring businesses and jobs closer to our neighborhoods and homes. This is one way that the county and the city can work together to benefit the citizens.


#2  Clear Guidelines for All Development

It is my plan as a county commissioner to establish clear guidelines for all development so that:

  • development adheres to environmental site design to protect surface and ground water;
  • there is a protection plan for our natural resource base and cost plan for use;
  • transportation guidelines and programs  are more weighted to  include pedestrian, cycling and public transportation;
  • energy conservation and renewable use become the norm and not the exception; and
  • the county facilitates reuse of existing properties and structures. 

Our development must cost less and earn more to provide more funding for education, safety, natural resource protection and other services.

#3  Agricultural Development

Frederick County has an opportunity to create stronger linkages between our community and food and fiber producers.  Agricultural development is promoted as key development area for the county, however there is but one person working to advance programs favoring farm production, marketing, distribution and policy change. There is one full time agricultural extension agent.  As a commissioner I would examine ways of finding support for these agricultural leaders so that Frederick County is able to actively help our farm families continue to farm and serve our communities with healthy local food.  One initiative would be to examine fostering development of a business that will provide local food lunches for our public school children.

I'll mention four: Budgets and fiscal management. Growth management and transportation. Education. Waste management.

The county budget is the single most important responsibility of the Board of County Commissioners. How and how efficiently we invest tax dollars reflects the priorities of a complex community that will always have limited resources and competing needs and priorities. I have approached the challenging budget processes we have engaged the last two and a half years by being as informed and thoughtful as possible, taking a thorough and surgical approach, rather than the sort of meat axe approach some candidates seem to offer. I have voted for major spending cuts without crippling important services. Sound fiscal management during tough times has even earned an upgrade to the county's bond rating. My commitment to truly smart growth also fights the "hidden tax" of subsidizing inefficient infrastructure for sprawl development.

Growth management and transportation is about much more than "Growth management and transportation." By that, I mean it must be addressed in a manner that recognizes that is dramatically affects everything else - everything. How well we plan and shape our communities, including all elements, is part and parcel of successful and sustainable economic development, community life, county services, and much more. The new plan ends sprawl and supports smart, responsible growth, focused where infrastructure exists or is less costly to provide. It also protects rural areas and historic, cultural and environmental resources. We can't go back to government by the developers, for the developers.

We are fortunate to have excellent schools in Maryland and in Frederick County. That we do is a reflection of well-placed values and priorities. It is essential that we continue to maintain that level of excellence, even as we must continually examine how to be more efficient and cost-effective. It is only one of many reasons to do so, but communities with outstanding educational institutions, at all levels, attract educated employers and employees. I have been a strong advocate for education, and I was endorsed - again - by the Frederick County Teachers Association.

The so called "Waste-to-Energy" incinerator is addressed in more details below, but would certainly be, by far, the greatest financial risk the county would face in the next few decades, if we do not back away from it while we can. The county overstated the need for the massive regional incinerator, exaggerated the benefits. under-appreciated the economic risk, and profoundly under-valued the benefits of a more flexible and integrated approach that produces more jobs without making us the trash capital of western Maryland. I am committed to voting to end the project, which will be a decision that the next Board of County Commissioners will have the opportunity to make.

I’ll continue to put people first. Good policy requires the right priorities and process: thoughtful and sound budgeting without increasing taxes; smart and efficient growth; and valuing and maintaining educational excellence. Stop the extremely expensive and risky incinerator.

Budget & Jobs---balancing lower revenues with expenses, especially when it comes to legally required funding of school budgets and working to help companies expand and locate here;

Growth---maintaining a financially sustainable balance between commercial/industrial, ag/open space and housing types that allow progress;

Problem solving at the government level using methods of collaboration, investigation and research, and civil political discourse.

1. Budget

2. Economic Development

3. Charter Form of Government